Radioactive Aerosols
  • Author : Constantin Papastefanou
  • Release Date : 28 July 2011
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN 13 : 0080555985

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Book excerpt: Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols

Author : Constantin Papastefanou
Publisher : Elsevier
Genre : Medical
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Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive ...

Understanding Radioactive Aerosols and Their Measurement

Understanding Radioactive Aerosols and Their Measurement

Author : S.D. Schery
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Science
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This book is intended as an introduction to radioactivity and aerosols for the scientifically literate reader who has had no previous exposure to either of these subjects. Although its main focus is radioactive aerosols, on the road to this subject I provide short, somewhat independent introductions to both radioactivity and ...

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols

Author : A. C. Chamberlain
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Genre : Science
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This book is about radioactive gases and particles which are dispersed in the environment, either from natural causes, or following nuclear test and accidental emissions. In the first five chapters of this book, the formation and properties of radioactive aerosols are described. Radon, which is of natural origin, is treated ...

Aerosols

Aerosols

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Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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This self-contained handbook and ready reference examines aerosol science and technology in depth, providing a detailed insight into this progressive field. As such, it covers fundamental concepts, experimental methods, and a wide variety of applications, ranging from aerosol filtration to biological aerosols, and from the synthesis of carbon nanotubes to ...

Aerosols Handbook

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Publisher : CRC Press
Genre : Nature
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As more attention is dedicated to understanding the occupational health risks associated with the industrial manufacture and use of nanotechnology, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects is a timely presentation of time-tested research in the field of aerosol science. The book covers a multitude of topics in indoor, outdoor,...

Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment

Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment

Author : Kvetoslav R. Spurny
Publisher : CRC Press
Genre : Nature
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A compilation of the most important aerosol chemical processes involved in known scientific and technological disciplines, Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment serves as a handbook for aerosol chemistry. Aerosol science is interdisciplinary, interfacing with many environmental, biological and technological research fields. Aerosols and aerosol research play an important role ...

Aerosol Measurement

Aerosol Measurement

Author : Pramod Kulkarni,Paul A. Baron,Klaus Willeke
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Genre : Science
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Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications Third Edition is the most detailed treatment available of the latest aerosol measurement methods. Drawing on the know-how of numerous expert contributors; it provides a solid grasp of measurement fundamentals and practices a wide variety of aerosol applications. This new edition is updated to ...

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols

Author : A. C. Chamberlain
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Genre : Science
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Describes radioactive emissions and their effects....