Radiation
  • Author : Ilya Obodovskiy
  • Release Date : 09 March 2019
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Genre : Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN 13 : 9780444639868

Download Or Read Radiation eBook PDF

Book excerpt: The author is ready to assert that practically none of the readers of this book will ever happen to deal with large doses of radiation. But the author, without a shadow of a doubt, claims that any readers of this book, regardless of gender, age, financial situation, type of professional activity, and habits, are actually exposed to low doses of radiation throughout their life. This book is devoted to the effect of small doses on the body. To understand the basic effects of radiation on humans, the book contains the necessary information from an atomic, molecular and nuclear physics, as well as from biochemistry and biology. Special attention is paid to the issues that are either not considered or discussed very briefly in existing literature. Examples include the ionization of inner atomic shells that play an essential role in radiological processes, and the questions of transformation of the energy of ionizing radiation in matter. The benefits of ionizing radiation to mankind is reflected in a wide range of radiation technologies used in science, industry, agriculture, culture, art, forensics, and, what is the most important application, medicine. Radiation: Fundamentals, Applications, Risks and Safety provides information on the use of radiation in modern life, its usefulness and indispensability. Experiments on the effects of small doses on bacteria, fungi, algae, insects, plants and animals are described. Human medical experiments are inhuman and ethically flawed. However, during the familiarity of mankind with ionizing radiation, a large number of population groups were subject to accumulation, exposed to radiation at doses of small but exceeding the natural background radiation. This book analyzes existing, real-life radiation results from survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Chernobyl and Fukushima, and examines studies of radiation effect on patients, radiologists, crews of long-distant flights and astronauts, on miners of uranium copies, on workers of nuclear industry and on militaries, exposed to ionizing radiation on a professional basis, and on the population of the various countries receiving environmental exposure. The author hopes that this book can mitigate the impact of radiation phobia, which prevails in the public consciousness over the last half century. Explores the science of radiation and the effects of radiation technologies and biological processes Analyzes the elementary processes of ionization and excitation Summarizes information about inner shells ionization and its impact on matter and biological structures Discusses quantum concepts in biology and clarifies the importance of epigenetics in radiological processes Includes case studies focusing on humans irradiated by low doses of radiation and its effects

Radiation

Radiation

Author : Ilya Obodovskiy
Publisher : Elsevier
Genre : Technology & Engineering
Get Book

The author is ready to assert that practically none of the readers of this book will ever happen to deal with large doses of radiation. But the author, without a shadow of a doubt, claims that any readers of this book, regardless of gender, age, financial situation, type of professional ...

Radiation

Radiation

Author : Robert Peter Gale,Eric Lax
Publisher : Alfred a Knopf Incorporated
Genre : Science
Get Book

A forefront radiation expert who consulted during the Chernobyl and Fukushima crises and the author of The Mold in Dr. Florey's Coat identify the radioactive fundamentals of the planet while correcting myths to reveal the role of radiation in everyday life and what should and should not raise concern....

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

Author : K. N. Liou,N. Liou
Publisher : Academic Press
Genre : Science
Get Book

Fundamentals of radiation for atmospheric applications -- Solar radiation at the top of the atmosphere -- Absorption and scattering of solar radiation in the atmosphere -- Thermal infrared radiation transfer in the atmosphere -- Light scattering by atmospheric particulates -- Principles of radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres -- Application of ...

Radiation Oncology Physics

Radiation Oncology Physics

Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : IAEA
Genre : Business & Economics
Get Book

This publication is aimed at students and teachers involved in teaching programmes in field of medical radiation physics, and it covers the basic medical physics knowledge required in the form of a syllabus for modern radiation oncology. The information will be useful to those preparing for professional certification exams in ...

Radiation Biophysics

Radiation Biophysics

Author : Edward L. Alpen
Publisher : Academic Press
Genre : Science
Get Book

This newly revised and updated edition of Radiation Biophysics provides an in-depth description of the physics and chemistry of radiation and its effects on biological systems. Coverage begins with fundamental concepts of the physics of radiation and radioactivity, then progresses through the chemistry and biology of the interaction of radiation ...

Strange Glow

Strange Glow

Author : Timothy J. Jorgensen
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Genre : Science
Get Book

More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power plants. But ...

An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation

An Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Philip Willmott, PhD
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Genre : Science
Get Book

This book introduces the reader to the basic concepts of thegeneration and manipulation of synchrotron light, its interactionwith matter, and the application of synchrotron light in the“classical” techniques, while including some of themost modern technological developments. As much as possible,complicated mathematical derivations and formulas are avoided. Amore heuristic ...

Radiation in Art and Archeometry

Radiation in Art and Archeometry

Author : D.C. Creagh,D.A. Bradley
Publisher : Elsevier
Genre : Science
Get Book

/inca/publications/misc/creaghcov.htmAbout the cover This book contains twenty chapters covering a wide range of research in the fields of scientific conservation of art and archaeometry. The common thread is the use of radiation in these analyses. The term "radiation" is used in the widest possible sense. The ...

Advances in Radiation Therapy

Advances in Radiation Therapy

Author : M. Guckenberger,S.E. Combs,D. Zips
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Genre : Medical
Get Book

Developments in radiation oncology have been key to the tremendous progress made in the field in recent years. The combination of optimal systemic treatment and local therapy has resulted in continuing improved outcomes of cancer therapy. This progress forms the basis for current pre-clinical and clinical research which will strengthen ...

Radiation Mechanics

Radiation Mechanics

Author : Esam M A Hussein
Publisher : Elsevier
Genre : Technology & Engineering
Get Book

Mechanics is the science of studying energy and forces, and their effects on matter. It involves mechanisms, kinematics, cross sections, and transport. Radiation mechanism describes how various types of radiation interact with different targets (atoms and nuclei). The book addresses the above four aspects of radiation mechanics integrating these aspects ...