Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept
  • Author : Wynn Schwartz
  • Release Date : 21 May 2019
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Genre : Psychology
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN 13 : 9780128139868

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Book excerpt: Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept maps the common ground of behavioral science. The absence of a shared foundation has given us fragmentation, a siloed state of psychological theory and practice. And the science? The integrity of choice, accountability, reason, and intention are necessary commitments at the cornerstone of civilization and any person-centered psychotherapy, but when taught along with a “scientific requirement for reductionism and determinism, reside in contradictory intellectual universes. Peter Ossorio developed the Person Concept to remedy these problems. This book is an introduction to his work and the community of scientists, scholars, and practitioners of Descriptive Psychology. Ossorio offered these maxims that capture the discipline’s spirit: 1. The world makes sense, and so do people. They make sense to begin with. 2. It’s one world. Everything fits together. Everything is related to everything else. 3. Things are what they are and not something else instead. 4. Don’t count on the world being simpler than it has to be. The Person Concept is a single, coherent concept of interdependent component concepts: Individual Persons; Behavior as Intentional Action; Language and Verbal Behavior; Community and Culture; and World and Reality. Descriptive Psychology uses preempirical, theory-neutral formulations and methods, to make explicit the implicit structure of the behavioral sciences. The goal is a framework with a place for what is already known with room for what is yet to be found. Provides a way to compare theories, coordinate empirical findings, and negotiate competent disagreement Offers guidance for effective case formulation and integration of therapies Explores the dilemmas of personhood and the complexities of human and nonhuman action, investigating "what is a person, and how can we be sure?" Follows the implications of Hedonics, Prudence, Ethics, and Aesthetics as intrinsic perspectives and reasons for action Applies these concepts to personality and social dynamics, consciousness, relationship change, emotional behavior, deliberation, and judgment Provides a guide to establishing and restoring empathy--especially when it's difficult

Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept

Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept

Author : Wynn Schwartz
Publisher : Academic Press
Genre : Psychology
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Descriptive Psychology and the Person Concept maps the common ground of behavioral science. The absence of a shared foundation has given us fragmentation, a siloed state of psychological theory and practice. And the science? The integrity of choice, accountability, reason, and intention are necessary commitments at the cornerstone of civilization ...

The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School

The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School

Author : Uriah Kriegel
Publisher : Routledge
Genre : Philosophy
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Both through his own work and that of his students, Franz Clemens Brentano (1838–1917) had an often underappreciated influence on the course of twentieth- and twenty-first-century philosophy. The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School offers full coverage of Brentano’s philosophy and his influence. It contains 38 brand-new essays ...

Persons  Behavior  and the World

Persons Behavior and the World

Author : Mary McDermott Shideler
Publisher : University Press of America
Genre : Psychology
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This is the first comprehensive survey of Descriptive Psychology. It provides a systematic account of the basic formulations and characteristic methodologies of this discipline which was developed by Peter G. Ossorio of the University of Colorado at Boulder. Dr. Ossorio defines Descriptive Psychology as "a set of systematically related concepts ...

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Publisher : Springer Nature
Genre : Psychology
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Author : K.J. Gergen,K.E. Davis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Psychology
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This volume grew out of a discussion between the editors at the Society for Experimental Social Psychology meeting in Nashville in 1981. For many years the Society has played a leading role in encouraging rigorous and sophisticated research. Yet, our discussion that day was occupied with what seemed a major problem ...

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Descriptive Psychology and Historical Understanding

Author : W. Dilthey
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Psychology
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Perhaps no philosopher has so fully explored the nature and conditions of historical understanding as Wilhelm Dilthey. His work, conceived overall as a Critique of Historical Reason and developed through his well-known theory of the human studies, provides concepts and methods still fruitful for those concerned with analyzing the human ...

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Author : Cheryl E. Sanders,Gary D. Phye
Publisher : Academic Press
Genre : Education
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In recent years there have been an increasing number of incidents where children have either perpetrated or been the victims of violence in the schools. Often times the children who perpetrated the violence had been the victims of school bullying. If bullying once was a matter of extorting lunch money ...

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Author : Jack Martin,Mark H. Bickhard
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Genre : Philosophy
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"What is a person? Surprisingly little attention is given to this question in psychology. For much of the past century, psychology has tended to focus on the systematic study of processes rather than on the persons who enact and embody them. In contrast to the reductionist picture of much mainstream ...

Descriptive Psychology

Descriptive Psychology

Author : Franz Brentano
Publisher : Routledge
Genre : Philosophy
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Franz Brentano (1838-1917) is a key figure in the development of Twentieth Century thought. It was his work that set Husserl on to the road of phenomenology and intentionality, that inspired Meinong's theory of the object which influenced Bertrand Russell, and the entire Polish school of philosophy. ^Descriptive Psychology presents ...

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Author : Charles R. Figley
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Genre : Psychology
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Trauma is defined as a sudden, potentially deadly experience, often leaving lasting, troubling memories. Traumatology (the study of trauma, its effects, and methods to modify effects) is exploding in terms of published works and expanding in terms of scope. Originally a narrow specialty within emergency medicine, the field now extends ...

The Critique of Psychology

The Critique of Psychology

Author : Thomas Teo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Psychology
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Closely paralleling the history of psychology is the history of its critics, their theories, and their contributions. The Critique of Psychology is the first book to trace this alternate history, from a unique perspective that complements the many existing empirical, theoretical, and social histories of the field. Thomas Teo cogently ...

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Author : Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Philosophy
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Western thought is surging, on the rebound from centuries of a merely background interest. Life is presenting crucial challenges to the human mind in science, technology, culture and social existence; challenges which reach the core of existence, human destiny, and the very meaningfulness - the human significance of life itself. ...

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Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Psychological Testing, Including Validity Testing, for Social Security Administration Disability Determinations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Genre : Medical
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The United States Social Security Administration (SSA) administers two disability programs: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), for disabled individuals, and their dependent family members, who have worked and contributed to the Social Security trust funds, and Supplemental Security Income (SSSI), which is a means-tested program based on income and financial ...

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Author : William O'Donohue,Kyle Ferguson,Kyle E. Ferguson
Publisher : SAGE
Genre : Psychology
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Designed to fill a gap in the literature on professional ethics for psychologists, this book covers topics typically neglected in existing books, being more radical and controversial than much of the literature in this area...