Autonomic Nervous System
  • Author : Hugo D. Critchley
  • Release Date : 11 November 2013
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Genre : Medical
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN 13 : 9780128079805

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Book excerpt: The mind and body are intrinsically and dynamically coupled. Perceptions, thoughts and feelings change, and respond to, the state of the body. This chapter describes the integration of cognitive and affective processes with the autonomic control of bodily arousal, focusing on reciprocal effects of autonomic responses on decision making, error detection, memory and emotions. Neuroimaging techniques are beginning to detail the neuronal substrates mediating these interactions between mental and physiological states, implicating cortical regions (specifically insular and cingulate cortices) alongside subcortical (amygdala) and brainstem (notably dorsal pons) in these mechanisms. The extent to which bodily states influence mental processes is determined in part by “interoceptive sensitivity,” an index of individual differences in the ability to detect one’s own bodily sensations. Moreover, the misidentification or misattribution of interoceptive responses is implicated in a number of pathologies such as depersonalization, schizophrenia, and anxiety. Increasing knowledge of the mechanisms of body–mind interactions has wide ranging implications, from decision making to empathy, and may serve elucidate potential avenues of intervention for stress-sensitive conditions in which psychological, cognitive, and emotional factors impact on the expression of physical symptoms.

Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic Nervous System

Author : Hugo D. Critchley,Jessica Eccles,Sarah N. Garfinkel
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Genre : Medical
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The mind and body are intrinsically and dynamically coupled. Perceptions, thoughts and feelings change, and respond to, the state of the body. This chapter describes the integration of cognitive and affective processes with the autonomic control of bodily arousal, focusing on reciprocal effects of autonomic responses on decision making, error ...

Approaches To Emotion

Approaches To Emotion

Author : Klaus R. Scherer,Paul Ekman
Publisher : Psychology Press
Genre : Psychology
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This sourcebook is intended as a reader in the fullest sense of that word: a work that offers researchers and students alike the opportunity to examine the many different aspects and widely divergent approaches to the study of emotion. The contributors include samples of biological, ontogenetic, ethological, psychological, sociological, and ...

Linking Autonomic Reactivity and Recovery with Emotion and Emotion Regulation Across Development

Linking Autonomic Reactivity and Recovery with Emotion and Emotion Regulation Across Development

Author : Sarah Kahle Kuipers
Publisher : Unknown
Genre : Uncategorized
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In order to better understand how emotion processes contribute to children's broader self-regulatory abilities, the interrelations among the multiple components of emotion need to be better understood. While some aspects of emotional events are difficult to observe in young children, such as their cognitive appraisals of emotions, other aspects are ...

Psychology of Emotion

Psychology of Emotion

Author : Paula M. Niedenthal,François Ric
Publisher : Psychology Press
Genre : Psychology
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Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the psychology of emotion has grown to become its own field of study. Because the study of emotion draws inspiration from areas of science outside of psychology, including neuroscience, psychiatry, biology, genetics, computer science, zoology, and behavioral economics, the field is now often ...

The Regulation of Emotion

The Regulation of Emotion

Author : Pierre Philippot,Robert S. Feldman
Publisher : Psychology Press
Genre : Psychology
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The main goal of this volume is to present, in an integrated framework, the newest, most contemporary perspectives on emotion regulation. The book includes empirically-grounded work and theories that are central to our understanding of the processes that constitute emotion regulation and their consequences. This volume has several secondary aims, ...

Behavioral Neurology   Neuropsychiatry

Behavioral Neurology Neuropsychiatry

Author : David B. Arciniegas,C. Alan Anderson,Christopher M. Filley
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Genre : Medical
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The only textbook written specifically for physicians training and practising in this developing medical subspecialty....

Theories of Emotion

Theories of Emotion

Author : Robert Plutchik,Henry Kellerman
Publisher : Academic Press
Genre : Psychology
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Emotion: Theory, Research, and Experience, Volume 1: Theories of Emotion, presents broad theoretical perspectives representing all major schools of thought in the study of the nature of emotion. The contributions contained in the book are characterized under three major headings - evolutionary context, psychophysiological context, and dynamic context. Subjects that are ...

Handbook of Affective Sciences

Handbook of Affective Sciences

Author : Richard J Davidson,Klaus R Sherer,H. Hill Goldsmith
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Genre : Psychology
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One hundred stereotype maps glazed with the most exquisite human prejudice, especially collected for you by Yanko Tsvetkov, author of the viral Mapping Stereotypes project. Satire and cartography rarely come in a single package but in the Atlas of Prejudice they successfully blend in a work of art that is ...

Human Emotions

Human Emotions

Author : Carroll E. Izard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Genre : Psychology
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In recent years-especially the past decade, in sharp contrast to preceding decades-knowledge in the field of emotions has been steadily increasing. This knowledge comes from many different specialties: Emotion is a truly interdisciplinary subject. Workers in the fields of physiology, neurology, ethology, physiological psychology, personality and social psychology, clinical psychology ...

Psychological and Biological Approaches To Emotion

Psychological and Biological Approaches To Emotion

Author : Nancy L. Stein,Bennett Leventhal,Thomas R. Trabasso
Publisher : Psychology Press
Genre : Psychology
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The outgrowth of a University of Chicago conference on the psychological and biological bases of behavior, this unique collection of papers integrates the biological consideration of emotion with current psychological approaches. As such, it includes studies of the coping process associated with emotion as well as those that focus on ...

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion

Author : Tim Dalgleish,Mick Power
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Genre : Psychology
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Edited by leading figures in the field, this handbook gives an overview of the current status of cognition and emotion research by giving the historical background to the debate and the philosophical arguments before moving on to outline the general aspects of the various research traditions. This handbook reflects the ...

Feelings

Feelings

Author : James D. Laird
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Genre : Psychology
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Feelings argues for the counter-intuitive idea that feelings do not cause behavior, but rather follow from behavior, and are, in fact, the way that we know about our own bodily states and behaviors. This point of view, often associated with William James, is called self-perception theory. Self-perception theory can be ...

Motivation and Emotion

Motivation and Emotion

Author : Philip Gorman
Publisher : Routledge
Genre : Medical
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Motivation and Emotion provides an explanation of emotional experience and aspects of human behaviour using psychological, physiological and alternative approaches. The brain mechanisms that govern motivations are discussed and questions such as 'Why don't we eat ourselves to death?' and 'How do we know we are thirsty?' are ...

Theory of Emotions  An analysis

Theory of Emotions An analysis

Author : Bucevschi Eduard Iulian
Publisher : Bucevschi Eduard Iulian
Genre : Uncategorized
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This book includes the modern approaches of emotion analysis. Also, the author refers to the previous theories, trying to show the continuity through the entire human history. To better understand the human-as-a-being, it is very important to know the processes of emotions and their determinants. Based on this analysis, we ...